Germaine Arnaktauyok - Igloolok - Nunavut - Canada
Titré ''Chaman combing sedna's hair'' (Shaman peigne les cheveux de Sedna).
Etching et aquatint - épreuve de l'imprimeur numérotée 2/2
Signé à la main
encadré - imperial 37'' * 23.75'' pouces
métrique 94cm * 60 cm
Germaine Arnaktauyok (b. 1946- ) is an Inuk printmaker, painter, and drawer originating from the Igloolik area of Nunavut, then the Northwest Territories. Arnaktauyok drew at an early age with any source of paper she could find.
The media she works with consists of lithographs, etchings, and serigraphs that illustrate Inuit myths and traditional ways of life from her past experiences and ancestral culture. Her designs are two-dimensional revealing expressive line work illustrations that indicate personal stories incorporated in the subject of past Inuit tales.
Germaine is renowned for her talents as an illustrator and master printmaker. She went to school in Chesterfield Inlet before attending the University of Manitoba and commercial art courses at Algonquin College in Ottawa between 1966 and 1968. She has also been employed by the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs as an illustrator for various Inuit publications. Her father Isidore Iytok, and mother Therese Natsiq Tulugatjuk are carvers.
Germaine Arnaktauyok is one of the few Inuit artists with formal art training. She studied Fine Arts at the University of Manitoba and had her first public exhibition at the prestigious Winnipeg Art Gallery in 1998. The exhibition featured her drawings and prints from 1970-1997. She had great success as an illustrator of children’s books written in Inuktitut and English. In 2003, Germaine’s “Drum Dancer” was chosen for the image on the two-dollar coin. Germaine Arnaktauyok’s works are in the Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre, Yellowknife, NWT, the Glenbow Museum, Winnipeg Art Gallery, Calgary, Alberta, Winnipeg, Manitoba and the Amway Environmental Foundation Collection, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
2000: Her print "Laughter in the Air" was featured on the cover of the Christmas card for the Minister of Indigenous and Northern Affairs.
2000: The Royal Canadian Mint used Arnaktauyok's the "Mother and Child" image for the cover of cards used for Danielle Wetherup.
2000: Designed the special edition gold piece issued by the mint as part of the Native Cultures and Tradition Series.
2000: Prime Minister Jean Chretien honoured Arnaktauyok at a ceremony for her creation of "Drummer" and "Mother and Child" designs.
1999: Arnaktauyok's "Waiting in Silence" selected for the cover illustration for the Nunavut Annual Report.
1999: Designed the back of the two-dollar coin issued by the Royal Canadian Mint to commemorate the establishment of the province of Nunavut.
1994: "Things in the Sky" was featured on the cover of the 1994-1995 Northwest Territories telephone directory.
1976: Dominion Glass Ltd featured original drawings Arnaktauyok made for their own Glass production.
1970: Illustrated "Harpoon of the Hunter" a book published by the Department of Indigenous and Northern Development
Norval Morrisseau, artist (born 14 March 1932 in Sand Point Reserve, near Beardmore, ON; died 4 December 2007 in Toronto, ON). Morrisseau was a self-taught artist of Ojibwa ancestry (his Ojibwa name, which appears in syllabics on his paintings, means "Copper Thunderbird") and he originated the pictographic style, or what is referred to as "Woodlands School," "legend painting" or "x-ray art." This style is a fusion of European easel painting with Ojibwe Midewiwin Society scrolls and pictography of rock paintings. Introduced to the Canadian public at the Pollock Gallery, Toronto, in 1962, Morrisseau was the first artist of First Nations ancestry to break through the Canadian professional white-art barrier. Throughout the 1960s Morrisseau's pictographic style grew in popularity and was often perceived by other Cree, Ojibwe and Ottawa artists as a tribal style, to be adapted for their own cultural needs. By the 1970s younger artists painted exclusively in his genre.
For Morrisseau, the 1970s were a time of struggle to reconcile traditional Midewiwin and Christian religions in his art and personal life. Combining his Ojibwa heritage, instilled in him by his maternal grandfather, Moses Nanakonagos, with the religion Eckankar, his works during the 1980s became more focused on spiritual elements. Morrisseau continued to study Ojibwe shamanistic practices until late in his life, which he believed elevated his work to a higher plane of understanding.
Norval Morrisseau was presented with the Order of Canada in 1978. In 2006, the National Gallery of Canada mounted Norval Morrisseau - Shaman Artist, a travelling retrospective exhibition of the artist's work.
Isaac Bignell was a Cree, born in 1958 on the Pas Reserve, 400 miles north of Winnipeg (Manitoba - Canada).
He was a self-taught painter who developed his own style of sponge painting, of wildlife images distinguished by flowing and harmonic lines.
'' My art is strongly influenced by the traditional ways of my people. I was brought up to live off the land from an early age.
Hunting and trapping, living in harmony with the earth has taught me to respect the animals and the spirit and power of nature.
I hoop dance and sing Pow-wows to maintain my cultural heritage.Through art and dancing, i attempt to influence native people to continue their cultural ways, the gift that was given to us by the Great Spirit. ''
Isaac died at the peak of his career at the age of 37. His art remains as his legacy.